It's all well and good to collect data for a thesis. But when you sit down to write the thing, you have to figure out the best way to present it all. You can't just throw some charts in there, highlight some percentages, and call it good.
I used a lot of Likert-type scale statements in my questionnaires. Those are the ubiquitous "Strongly agree, Agree, Neutral, Disagree, Strongly Disagree" things you've probably come across quite a bit in surveys over the years.
Today, I'm trying to wrangle a few related Likert-type scale statements into a meaningful representation of their significance, whether visually or in words. Here's a peek inside of my Likert headache.
Instructors (Western, native speakers of English) were presented with these statements:
I understand the cultures of my students.
I make an effort to understand the cultures of my students.
In my opinion, my students feel I understand their culture.
In my opinion, my students feel I make an effort to understand their culture.
Students (Muslim Arabs) got these statements:
I feel that my teacher understands my culture.
I feel that my teacher makes an effort to understand my culture.
When I was designing my research instruments, there was a slight element of throwing more than one angle of a question at my subjects and seeing what stuck. Or what came out of it. Now I have the results and I'm not sure how to parse them. I know I want to get at any discrepancies between what the instructors perceive and what the reality is. Which means that I should compare the statements like so:
"I understand the cultures of my students" AND "I feel that my teacher understands my culture."
Right? But where does that leave "In my opinion, my students feel I understand their culture"? Is there some kind of bizarre three-way bar chart I can use to show all of this? Or is one of those statements superfluous? If so, which one?
The other natural grouping is "I make an effort to understand the cultures of my students" AND "I feel that my teacher makes an effort to understand my culture." That leaves "In my opinion, my students feel I make an effort to understand their culture" a lonely orphan.
Anyway, I'm just working through this and I've brought you along on the journey. No need to solve my problem. Unless you CAN, of course.